Written Question: Third-country contributions to the European Union
(Source: European Parliament)
Date Submitted: 5 May 2021
Question for written answer E-002427/2021
to the Commission
Hélène Laporte (ID)
Subject: Third-country contributions to the European Union
Approximately 1% of European Union revenue comes from contributions from eighteen third countries, that corresponds to some EUR 7 billion in the period 2014-2019.
In absolute terms, the largest contributors are Switzerland, Norway, Israel and Turkey, whose total contributions represent approximately 95% of these revenues annually. In return, third countries have access to thirty EU programmes or actions, such as Horizon 2020 or Erasmus+.
In order to determine the exact amount of the contributions, the Commission takes account various aspects, such as the benefit derived by the third country from their participation in the programme, the political and economic context of negotiations and the broader objectives of the Union’s foreign policy.
1. Can the Commission say why there is no standardised method or procedure for fine-tuning the level of the contributions, with the approach taken differing according to the programme and third country concerned?
2. Can it say why there are no general reports providing an overview of the situation?
3. Has it assessed the impact of Brexit on third-country contributions to the EU, which should automatically result in a general increase in such third-country contributions?