Written Question: Next Generation EU resources for southern Italy
(Source: European Parliament)
Date submitted: 22 December 2020
Question for written answer E-007035/2020
to the Commission
Piernicola Pedicini (Verts/ALE), Ignazio Corrao (Verts/ALE), Rosa D’Amato (Verts/ALE)
Subject: Next Generation EU resources for southern Italy
The Commission’s allocation criterion for Member States(1), with regard to Next Generation EU, indicated that 70% of the resources (EUR 145 billion out of the total EUR 209 billion allocated to Italy overall) were intended for the south and the islands, which, due to their high average unemployment rate (around 17%) and low per capita income, were part of the reason why around 28% of the total resources of Next Generation EU were earmarked for Italy.
The historical trend in the use of ordinary resources in Italy has shown a systematic inequality and lack of uniformity since 2009, as is clear from an examination of local public accounts (CPT)(2): the consolidated figure for 2018(3) confirms the lower per capita current and capital expenditure in the regions of southern Italy. The long-term dynamics of this ‘extraction’ are clearly highlighted in the minutes of the hearing of the Minister for Regional Affairs(4) before Finance Committee VI.
Given this historical trend in Italy, what does the Commission suggest can be done to ensure that the allocation of Next Generation EU resources in Italy complies with the parameters set out in the allocation criteria?
(1) COM (2020) 408 final and its annexes: inverse of GDP per capita, average unemployment rate over the past five years and resident population.
(2) SVIMEZ hearing of 4.4.2019 for the ‘Fact-finding survey’ in Finance Committee VI.
(3) Source: CPT
(4) ‘From 2001 (inclusive) to 2019 (including, therefore, the 2018 budget law affecting the period from 2019 to 2021), the share of average resources transferred to the Mezzogiorno regions of southern Italy never exceeded 24.5-25%, with peaks of 28-28.5% and troughs of 19.5-20%, when 34% was supposed to be a guaranteed figure (i.e. ordinary, non-EU resources): this is sufficient to highlight what has happened over these past twenty years’.