(Source: Council of the EU and European Council)
The Council today adopted conclusions on combating racism and antisemitism. In these conclusions, the Council deplores the alarming rise in racist and antisemitic incidents in EU member states. It invites member states to develop action plans and strategies by the end of 2022, implementing the 2020 EU anti-racism action plan and the 2021 EU strategy on combating antisemitism.
The Council highlights the importance of education and training, calling on member states to raise awareness among their population of the fight against racism and antisemitism and uphold their duty to remember the victims of racist and antisemitic violence. It also calls on member states to promote research and education on Jewish life, antisemitism and the Holocaust, and racism and slavery.
The conclusions invite member states to urge media, social networks, and technology and communications sectors to apply codes of conduct agreed at European level and adopt solutions to rapidly detect, assess and remove illegal online hate speech. Member states should also strengthen their ability to prosecute illegal online hate crime and hate speech, including by establishing online monitoring centres and platforms where people can report hateful content.
When it comes to reporting and investigation, the conclusions also call on member states to encourage victims and witnesses of racist and antisemitic incidents to report those incidents, to ensure such reports are investigated and to offer assistance, including psychological, social and material support where necessary. Member states are also invited to include content on combating discrimination in training for law enforcement and judicial authorities, and to develop best practices for identifying and supporting victims.
The conclusions call on member states to ensure national coordinators, public bodies, social partners and civil society organisations work closely together to develop preventive measures and evaluate their effectiveness. Member states are also asked to consider developing a common methodology for quantifying and qualifying racial and antisemitic incidents and comparing them over time and between member states.
Finally, the Council invites the Commission to support, including financially, member states, public bodies and institutions, local authorities and civil society organisations in the fight against racism and antisemitism.
According to surveys by the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), 45% of respondents with a North African background, 39% of those with a Sub-Saharan African background and 41% of Roma respondents had felt discriminated against in the previous five years. 39% of Jewish respondents had experienced some form of antisemitic harassment.
The fight against racism and antisemitism is one of the EU’s priorities. The European Commission presented an action plan against racism in September 2020, which sets out a series of measures for the next five years. This action plan calls for better enforcement of EU law, closer coordination, fair policing and protection, awareness raising and improved data collection. In October 2021, the Commission presented a strategy on combating antisemitism and fostering Jewish life. This strategy sets out a series of measures under three pillars: preventing all forms of antisemitism; protecting and fostering Jewish life; and promoting research, education and Holocaust remembrance.