Answer to Written Question: Women and the world of work

(Source: European Parliament)



Answer given by Ms Dalli

on behalf of the European Commission


Gender equality on the labour market and social inclusion over the life course are key aims of the Gender Equality Strategy 2020-2025[1] and the European Pillar of Social Rights Action Plan[2].

A holistic approach is needed, tackling gender inequalities in education, training and employment and reducing precariousness. The Commission proposed a Directive on adequate minimum wages[3], and a Directive addressing gender pay discrimination through pay transparency[4]. It supports Member States in extending access to social protection for all workers and the self-employed, as per Council Recommendation on access to social protection[5], as well as in implementing the work-life balance Directive[6] and the Council Recommendation establishing a European Child Guarantee.

The revision of the Barcelona targets will enhance upward convergence in the provision of early childhood education and care in the EU. An initiative on Long-term care will set the framework to ensure better access to quality care services taking into account the 2021 Long-term care report[7], and the results of the public consultation on the Green Paper on Ageing[8]. These initiatives will provide the basis for addressing care in a comprehensive way in 2022.

The Long-term Vision for Rural Areas[9] refers to support for women’s entrepreneurship, decision making and work-life balance (care services). The Common Agricultural Policy aims to increase women’s integration in the labour market. The Recovery and Resilience Facility and many EU Funds, such as the European Social Fund Plus, the European Regional Development Fund, the InvestEU programme and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development include support for improving women’s labour market situation, including in rural areas.

[1] COM(2020) 152.

[2] COM(2021) 102.

[3] COM(2020) 682 final.

[4] COM(2021) 93 final.

[5] 2019/C 387/01.

[6] Directive (EU) 2019/1158.

[7], jointly prepared by the Social Protection Committee and the Commission.

[8] COM(2021) 50 final.

[9] COM(2021) 345 final.

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