Answer to Written Question: Situation in Macau
(Source: European Parliament)
Answer given by High Representative/Vice-President Borrell
on behalf of the European Commission
1. The EU is following closely the evolution of the situation in Macao, notably with the publication of the Annual Report on Macao to the European Parliament which reflects the state of the ‘one country, two systems” principle’. The 2021 Annual report, which is expected to be released in spring 2022, will take into account recent development as regards the further deterioration of the situation in Macao and the exercise of freedom of press.
2. The Basic Law of Macao protects freedom of the press in its articles 27 and 29. Against this background, the EU will seek opportunities to raise fundamental freedoms, notably freedom of press in its contacts with government officials. The next EU-Macao Joint Committee will be the opportunity to raise EU’s concerns regarding recent developments in the Special Administrative Region. The EU is committed to calling on the relevant authorities of Macao to respect fundamental freedoms and engaging with the civil society on these issues.
3. Press freedom is a core value of the EU. The role of journalists is pivotal in facilitating inclusive and pluralistic public debate on how societies can better face today’s challenges and ultimately how they can become safer, more prosperous and more sustainable. The EU is committed to enabling journalists to work freely and citizens to exercise their fundamental freedoms.
 Article 27 of Macao Basic Law: ‘Macao residents shall have freedom of speech, of the press and of publication; freedom of association, of assembly, of procession and of demonstration; and the right and freedom to form and join trade unions, and to strike’.
Article 29 of Macao Basic law: ‘Macao residents shall not be punished by law, unless their acts constitute a crime and they shall be punished for it as expressly prescribed by law at the time’.