Answer to Written Question: Returns of immigrants from EU Member States

(Source: European Parliament)



Answer given by Ms Johansson

on behalf of the European Commission


In accordance with Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 862/2007[1], Member States have to provide to the Commission (Eurostat) statistics relating to third country nationals ordered to leave the territory of the Member State and third country nationals who have left the territory of the Member State during the reference year.

The Commission would like to refer the Honourable Member to the Commission’s website[2], where data is available from 2009 until 2019[3], broken down by Member State[4]. Several Member States also provide, on a voluntary basis, statistics on voluntary and forced returns[5]. With the entry into force of the amended Regulation on Migration Statistics[6], Member States will also be required to provide data on the type of return and assistance received.

The voluntary return and reintegration strategy[7] promotes voluntary return and reintegration as an integral part of a common EU system for returns and aims to increase voluntary returns from Europe and from transit countries, to improve the quality of the support and the participation of returnees, and to reinforce the coherence and governance of EU action. In addition, the strategy will support the successful implementation of key components of the New Pact on Migration and Asylum, notably streamlined procedures for return, return sponsorship and the new governance structures, by facilitating swift voluntary returns of asylum seekers whose applications have been rejected, including at the EU external borders, and by setting up a common framework for voluntary return and reintegration that can facilitate the implementation of solidarity measures.

[1] Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 311/76 on the compilation of statistics on foreign workers.


[3] Data for year 2020 is incomplete as Eurostat is still collecting it from Member States. It will soon be fully available.



[6] Regulation (EU) 2020/851 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2020 amending Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection (Text with EEA relevance), OJ L 198, 22.6.2020, p. 1.

[7] COM(2021) 120.

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