Answer to Written Question: Pesticide residues in public sites in South Tyrol (Italy)
(Source: European Parliament)
Answer given by Ms Kyriakides
on behalf of the European Commission
The Commission is currently undertaking an evaluation of Directive 2009/128/EC, with a view to submitting a legislative proposal for its revision in the first quarter of 2022. The evidence provided in the studies mentioned in the Honourable Members’ enquiry will be taken into account in the course of this evaluation.
Member States are primarily responsible to implement EU Law. Any violation of national provisions adopted pursuant to the Directive 2009/128/EC is subject to enforcement actions at national level. Evidence of a possible breach of Article 12 of that Directive by South Tyrol would need to be submitted to, and assessed by, the Competent Authority in Italy. The Commission may launch an infringement proceeding against a Member State in cases where it identifies issues of wider principle, sufficient evidence of a general bad practice or a systematic failure to comply with EU law.
Member States are responsible for granting authorisation of the placing on the market and use of plant protection products. Where necessary, they have to impose mitigation measures to ensure that there are no risks for human health, including for residents and taking into account vulnerable groups.
In their National Action Plans under the Directive, Member States must define measures to reduce or prohibit pesticide use in specific public areas. Member States will also have to develop Strategic plans under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and include a set of mandatory practices (linked to CAP payments) and voluntary practices (relevant for CAP eco support schemes and agri-environment-climate commitments).
 Communication from the Commission – EU law: Better results through better application, C/2016/8600, OJ C 18, 19.1.2017, p. 10–20.