Answer to Written Question: Monitoring the distribution and financing of Islamist propaganda
(Source: European Parliament)
Answer given by Ms Johansson
on behalf of the European Commission
The Commission does not have the competence to initiate or conduct any investigations into the financing of the ‘Collective Against Islamophobia in France’ (CCIF) and ‘Collective for Countering Islamophobia in Europe’ (CCIE), or any similar organisation. The Commission does not monitor the activities of individual organisations that have been banned by a Member State unless it is also subject to EU sanctions. To the extent that a French organisation decides to set up operations in another Member State and transfer its financial assets there, it would have to set up a bank account in this Member State and it would, like in France, be subject to customer due diligence measures, including transaction monitoring and where necessary identification of its source of funds. Any suspicious transaction or activity, potentially linked to financing of terrorism has to be reported to the national Financial Intelligence Unit.
Moreover, the Commission’s supranational risk assessment, issued in 2019, assessed the level of threat for terrorist financing linked to the non-profit organisations’ sector as ‘significant’ (level 3). The level of terrorist financing vulnerability in relation to this sector was considered as ‘moderately significant’ (level 2). The terrorist financing and money laundering threats and vulnerabilities concerning this sector will be carefully assessed by the Commission within the framework of its forthcoming supranational risk assessment, to be issued in 2021. In accordance with Article 6 of the Anti-money Laundering Directive, the Commission conducts such an assessment every two years.
 Decisions on the adoption, renewal, or lifting of sanctions regimes are taken by the Council of the European Union, on the basis of proposals from Member States or from the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.
 Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the assessment of the risk of money laundering and terrorist financing affecting the internal market and relating to cross-border activities, COM(2019)370 final, available at: https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/supranational_risk_assessment_of_the_money_laundering_and_terrorist_financing_risks_affecting_the_union.pdf
 Directive (EU) 2015/849 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 May 2015 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing, amended by Directive (EU) 2018/843 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018.