Answer to Written Question: Future management of the carp pond farming habitat

(Source: European Parliament)



Answer given by Mr Sinkevičius

on behalf of the European Commission


Sustainable development of EU aquaculture is an objective of the Common Fisheries Policy. The “Strategic guidelines for a more sustainable and competitive EU aquaculture for the period 2021-2030”[1] adopted by the Commission on 12 May 2021 provide a common vision for the further sustainable development of EU aquaculture while preserving and restoring aquatic ecosystems. They underline that pond aquaculture should be promoted because it can help preserve ecosystems when managed appropriately; and they highlight that coordinated spatial planning should encompass freshwater aquaculture because the identification of the most suitable areas for freshwater aquaculture would help to develop production while protecting biodiversity.

In order to ensure good condition of protected species and habitats associated with carp pond farming in Natura 2000 sites, Member States need to establish the necessary conservation measures required by the Habitats Directive[2], which correspond to the ecological requirements of the natural habitat types and species present in the sites. Member States can rely on appropriate statutory, administrative or contractual measures. They also must take appropriate steps to avoid the deterioration of natural habitats and the habitats of species, as well as significant disturbance of species for which the sites were designated[3].

Member States can use the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund to fund such measures to support aquaculture providing environmental services[4]. Under the new European Maritime Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund to be adopted in the coming months, those measures would remain eligible for support.

[1] COM(2021) 236 final.

[2] Article 6(1) of the Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7–50.

[3] Article 6(2) of Directive 92/43/EEC.

[4] Measures under Article 54 to support extensive pond aquaculture and under Article 48 to support restoration of existing aquaculture ponds and to protect farms from wild predators in Regulation (EU) No 508/2014.

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