Answer to Written Question: Ensuring fair and transparent allocation of NextGenerationEU funding
(Source: European Parliament)
Answer given by Executive Vice-President Dombrovskis
on behalf of the European Commission
The control framework of the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) is designed to ensure compliance with the principle of sound financial management. When designing their recovery and resilience plans (RRP), Member States may decide how to allocate funds, including to authorities, in full respect of applicable rules, including those of the Financial Regulation. The ‘Central Government Fund for Local Investments’ is financed by the Polish state budget and is not part of the Polish RRP.
The Commission will assess if the arrangements proposed by the Member States are expected to prevent, detect and correct corruption, fraud and conflicts of interests. When shortcomings were identified in the audit and control frameworks of the Member States, specific milestones have been included in the Commission’s proposal for Council Implementing Decisions. Those milestones have to be met before Member States submit their first payment request.
For each payment request, Member States must sign a ‘management declaration’, certifying, among the other things, that the control systems give the necessary assurances that the funds were managed in accordance with all applicable rules.
The Commission may reduce payments in case of serious irregularities or serious breaches of the financing agreements. For the same reasons, the Commission may recover funds after disbursement, following its ex-post controls.
Member States will have to grant the Commission, the European Anti-Fraud Office, the Court of Auditors and, in respect of its competence, the European Public Prosecutors Office access to the data collected so that they can investigate the use of funds if deemed necessary.
 Regulation (EU) 2021/241 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 February 2021 establishing the Recovery and Resilience Facility, OJ L 57, 18.2.2021, p. 1.
 Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2018/1046 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 July 2018 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union, OJ L 193, 30.7.2018, p. 1.