Answer to Written Question: Aid to Somalia and the fight against Islamist terrorism

(Source: European Parliament)

EN

E-001566/2021

Answer given by Ms Urpilainen

on behalf of the European Commission

(2.6.2021)

Somalia is one of the least developed countries in the world with a daunting range of development and state building challenges. Following its core mandate, the main objective of EU cooperation with Somalia is to help rebuild a functioning State, improve security and stability and reduce poverty in line with the principle of ‘leaving no one behind’. Thanks to the assistance provided by the EU, Somalia is making progress in economic reforms, providing security assistance and enhancing the provision of basic services to the population.

However, in light of the current political crisis, the EU has postponed Somalia State and Resilience Building[1] budget support payments until the implementation of inclusive elections is ensured and security challenges affecting the country are addressed. Applying a mutual accountability approach, the EU demanded rapid progress from Somalia‘s authorities and conditioned the resumption of support to key benchmarks. This was conducted through enhanced political and policy dialogue together with EU Member States, and in close cooperation with likeminded international partners.

The Somaliland Special Arrangement was part of the Somali Compact[2] replaced with the Somali Partnership Forum[3], which made no provisions for Somaliland. The Somaliland Government has prepared a new partnership Framework, which the EU and the rest of the international partners are considering in order to adopt a cooperation framework with Somaliland that reflects the specific development stage and institutional capacity of Somaliland without jeopardising the prospects of peace and dialogue, internally and with the rest of the country. The cooperation framework with Somaliland, once agreed upon, is expected to guide the EU support 2021-2027.


[1] Somalia State and Resilience Building contract (SRBC)- T05-EUTF-HOA-SO-59.

[2] https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/default/files/20130916_the_somali_compact.pdf

[3] https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/somalia_en/68279/Somalia%20Partnership%20Forum%20-%20COMMUNIQUE

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