Answer to Written Question: 2030 target for reducing emissions

(Source: European Parliament)



Answer given by Executive Vice-President Timmermans

on behalf of the European Commission


In its Communication on Stepping up Europe’s 2030 climate ambition[1], the Commission laid out its view on setting an EU-wide, economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990 of at least 55% including emissions and removals. The climate law proposal on which the European Parliament and Council have reached political agreement confirmed that this binding Union 2030 climate target shall be a domestic reduction of net greenhouse gas emissions (emissions after deduction of removals). In order to ensure that sufficient mitigation efforts are deployed until 2030, the climate law as provisionally agreed also limits the extent to which carbon removals can be used to achieve this specific target in 2030 while the Union shall still aim to enhance its carbon sink.

At present, removals are subject to the requirements of the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry Regulation (EU) 2018/841[2]. Updating this regulation forms part of the legislation to be reviewed in the upcoming “Fit for 55” package. Sectors covered by this regulatory framework absorb CO2, and will therefore play an important role in achieving the objective of climate neutrality by 2050. The Parliament and the Council will ultimately decide which level of ambition the Land use, land-use change, and forestry (LULUCF) sector should concretely deliver by 2030.

Finally, as announced in the Circular Economy Action Plan (CEAP), the Commission will develop by 2023 a regulatory framework for the certification of carbon removals based on robust and transparent carbon accounting to monitor and verify the authenticity of carbon removals.

[1] COM(2020)562 final –


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